象形不會意 A Double of Nature

 

象形不會意 策展人:吳介祥「2021臺南新藝獎」策展以《象形不會意》為名,意味著大自然看似無序雜陳,有如《楞嚴》佛云「若無所明」,人們因而需要憑藉造型(文字)、造象(圖像)、造物(容器)及造聲(樂音),來推敲其巧妙井然。《道德經》說:「大方無隅,大器晚成,大音希聲,大象無形」隱約指出人面對自然是採集有窮時、卻探測無止盡的。藝術家們既從大自然取材,也對大自然盡其探索之欲。

許慎〈說文解字序〉有云:「象形者,畫成其物,隨體詰詘……會意者,比類合誼,以見指撝」,人們渾然不覺自然之始終,卻憑藉創作者的擬仿來理解它,是藝術的「象形」技法。本次臺南新藝獎以對比方式編組,展現藝術家們對自然及人設環境的造物創形,兩兩因緣聚合、卻不相互干擾,以此則呈現出「不會意」的辯證性。是為展題。

A Double of Nature Curator: Chieh-Hsiang Wu The “2021 Next Art Tainan” is named as “A Double of Nature”, it means the nature seems to be in disarray and has no order. As mentioned in the Śūraṅgama Sūtra, “it appears to be no understanding,” thus, people need to scrutinise its order via creating shapes (characters), creating forms (images), creating objects (vessels), and creating sounds (music). Tao Te Ching mentioned “the largest space has no corners, the greatest vessel takes the longest to create, great music has the finest notes, the great form is without shape,” this implies that there is a limitation for human to gather ideas from the nature, yet no limit for discovery. Artists gather ideas from the nature, as well as finding the joy of discovery.

Xu Shen mentioned in the preface of Shuowen Jiezi, “pictogram derived from the shape of the object, the meaning could be seen from it… compound ideogram is to combine two words together to form a new word and a new meaning.” It is rarely people understand the concept of the nature, and how it is formed. They often rely on the mimicry of artists. This is an art technique of “pictogram”. The 2021 Next Art Tainan is arranged by putting two contrary artworks together to exhibit the creation of shapes and objects via the artists’ understanding of the nature and the surrounding artificial environment. The artworks gathering together by fate, yet no disturbance is found within the combination, it presents the dialectic of “Double Nature,” and becomes the theme of the exhibition.