Born in Taichung, 1990, Chao-Hao Liao earned his M.F.A. degree from Graduate Institute of Plastic Arts of Tainan National University of the Arts, and Liao enrolled in the Doctoral Program in Art Creation and Theory, Tainan National University of the Arts. He was awarded with several prestigious prizes, such as 2015 Kaohsiung Art Awards. He uses pulp to create simulated landscapes of Taiwan, be they the tetrapod commonly seen along the coastline, the retaining wall erected along a mountain road, the vegetation slope designed to preserve soil and water, or the Jersey barrier on the roadside. He tends to move the outdoor “spectacles” indoors, trying to simulate solid cement structures designed for protection with hand-made soft materials such as pulp. These ordinary objects made of cement have become a shield against the wrath of nature. However, the mottled pulp models and the visible wooden armatures collectively suggest their extreme vulnerability to the power of nature, highlighting the artist’s reflection on the precarious balance between human development and environmental protection.